Thomas W. Benoist (1874-1917) was an American industrialist and engineer who pioneered the businesses of aviation parts supply, scheduled air travel and aircraft manufacturing.  From 1911 to 1918, when Benoist died in a streetcar accident, he ran a successful aircraft building factory that produced over 100 airplanes, making it very successful for its time by American standards.

Benoist-Korn Type XII

The Type XII land-based tractor biplane first flew in 1912.  This was one of the early aircraft to establish what has now become the conventional layout for an aeroplane.  The last surviving Type XII is in the collection of the National Air & Space Museum.