Mikoyan-Gurevich Design Bureau

Headed by Artem Mikoyan (1905-70) and Mikhail Gurevich (1893-1976), Mikoyan-Gurevich (later just Mikoyan) and its products are known worldwide by the short form, MiG.  Creators of a succession of cutting-edge jet fighters from the 1940s to the present, this design bureau made “MiG” synonymous with “Soviet fighter” to the Western public throughout the cold war.  Started in 1939, the firm produced propeller-driven fighters during World War II, but was overshadowed by the more successful products of the Yakovlev and Lavochkin companies.  After the war, MiG came into its own, producing the first jet to fly in the USSR and the leading first-line fighters of the USSR, its allies, and the Arab world.  More recently there has been a consolidation of the Russian aerospace industry and it is no longer clear whether MiG operates with any autonomy.